Lingaraja Temple (Bhubaneswar, Odisha)


Lingaraja temple - a legacy of Kalinga architecture was built in 11th century (1000 years old). Bestowed by the finest stone work, the temple showcases the details of work executed in the era of Somavasmi dynasty. It is one of the oldest and largest temples in Bhubaneswar covers 1049.66 sq m.  The temple is built in Deula style from locally available laterite, sandstone and sandalwood.  It has four components Vimana (structure containing sanctum), Jagmohana (assembly hall), Natamandira (festival hall) and Bhogamandapa (hall of offering).  The walls are lavishly sculpted with architectural motifs and figures.

The Lingaraja temple compounded with 150 small temples belonging to different gods of Hindu pantheon are enclosed by high thick walls, with a main entrance on the east, and secondary gates on the north and south.

The Vimana (main tower) is an optically massive structure stands 55 m height is created by deep cut lines running perpendicular on the spire. It is constructed without mortar and is divided into vertical sections. The assembly hall and hall of offering has pyramidal roof made up of several horizontal layers whereas festive hall has flat roof sloping in stages.

Lingaraja temple is maintained by the Temple Trust Board and the Archeological Survey of India. The temple has an average of 6,000 visitors per day and receives in lakhs during festive seasons.

 James Ferugsson (1808–86), a noted critic and historian rated the temple as "one of the finest examples of purely Hindu temple in India".