CITY BIODIVERSITY INDEX

“Urban biodiversity” describes the variety and richness of living organisms and habitats found in and on the edge of human settlements, including remnants of natural landscapes, traditional agricultural lands and urban-industrial areas.

In 2010, the 193 Parties (192 national governments and the European Union) who were signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted Decision X/22 at the tenth meeting of the CBD Conference of the Parties in Aichi/Nagoya, Japan. Adoption of the Decision also meant endorsement of a “Plan of Action on Sub-National Governments, Cities and Other Local Authorities for Biodiversity (2010-2020)”. This momentous decision supports and recognizes the critical roles that local governments play in reducing biodiversity loss and improving ecosystem management.


The Convention’s objectives:–

a) Conservation of biodiversity 

b) Sustainable use of all its components and

c) Equitable sharing of the benefits that arise from its genetic resources.

The City Biodiversity Index (CBI) is one of the tools that enable city administrators to manage and measure their biodiversity.The city biodiversity has 23 indicators and three prime components viz.

Indicators of the City Biodiversity Index

Score

Native Biodiversity in the City: Sub Total for Indicator 1 -10

40 Points

Ecosystem services provided by Biodiversity : Sub Total for Indicator 11 -14

16 Points

Governance and management of Biodiversity: Sub Total for Indicator 15 – 23

36 Points

Maximum Total

92 Points


The CBI also known as the Singapore Index on Cities Biodiversity, is a self assessment tool that has been used by 50 cities across the globe. The development of the index was led by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) in partnership with Singapore and the Global Partnership on Local and Sub-national Action for Biodiversity.

The City Biodiversity Index (CBI) is one of the tools that enable city administrators to manage and measure their biodiversity.

Methodology Flow of Understanding Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and City Biophysical Resources Analysis for Sustainable Development

Profile of the city
Comprehensive background and holistic picture of biodiversity in the city, which includes:
  •  Location, climate, temperature,rainfall, etc.
  •  Size of city
  •  Population
  •  Economic parameters
  •  Physical features
  •  Biodiversity features
  •  Biodiversity administration
  •  Links to relevant websites

Biodiversity Assessment and Scoring:

Core Components

Indicators

Maximum Score

Native

Biodiversity in the

City

1 Proportion of Natural Areas in the City

4

2 Connectivity Measures

4

3 Native Biodiversity in Built up areas (Bird Species)

4

4 Change in Number of Native Species: Vascular Plant

Species

4

5 Change in Number of Bird Species

4

6 Change in Number of Butterfly Species

4

7 Change in Number of Species (any other taxonomic group selected by the city)

4

8 Change in Number of Species (any other taxonomic group selected by the city)

4

9 Proportion of Protected Natural Areas

4

10 Proportion of Invasive alien species

4

Ecosystem

services provided

by Biodiversity

11. Regulation of Quantity of Water

4

12. Climate Regulation: Carbon Storage and Cooling Effect

of Vegetation

4

13.Recreation and Education : Area of Parks with Natural

Areas

4

14 Recreation and Education : Number of Formal Educational Visits per child below the age of 16 years to Parks with natural Areas per year

4

Governance and

management of

Biodiversity

15 Budget Allocated to Biodiversity

4

16 Number of Biodiversity Projects Implemented in the

city annually

4

17 Existence of Local Biodiversity Strategy and Action

Plan

4

18 Institutional Capacity: Number of Biodiversity Related

Functions

4

19 Institutional Capacity: Number City Local Government

Agencies Involved in Inter Agency Co – operation Pertaining

to Biodiversity Matters

4

20 Participation and Partnership: Existence of Formal or

Informal Public Consultation Process

4

21 Participation and Partnership: Number of

Agencies/Private Companies/ NGos/ Academic

Institutions/International Organisations with which the city

is partnering in Biodiversity Activities Projects and

programmes

4

22 Education and Awareness: Is Biodiversity included in the

School Curriculum

4

23 Education and Awareness: Number of Outreach or Public

Awareness Events Held in the City Per Year

4


Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC) released its “Greater Hyderabad Biodiversity Index” in the international event “CBD CoP-11” and become the first Indian city to have City Biodiversity Index. The historic city had scored 36 of a possible 92 points in the City Biodiversity Index (CBI), also known as the Singapore Index on Cities` Biodiversity.