Building Bye-Laws are tools used to regulate coverage, height, building bulk, and architectural design and construction aspects of buildings so as to achieve orderly development of an area. They are mandatory in nature and serve to protect buildings against fire, earthquake, noise, structural failures and other hazards. Building bye laws are the regulations that are generally made by local governments or the municipal departments of State governments, with the intention of controlling urban development in harmony with that envisaged in the Master Plan and for ensuring structural safety, public health and hygiene. They primarily provide guiding principles on which buildings have to be planned and built, which can be used by a citizen/developer intending to erect a building on a piece of urban land . Besides, they also list out the procedures to be followed for making application, support documents and drawings to be attached, undertakings to be given, certification process and inspection/ monitoring mechanism. They are often complemented by the Master/ Development Plan of the city, which provide zoning rules, land uses allowed and the nature and intensity of development envisaged. The origins of modern building bye laws can be found in the 16th Century British local authority laws that defined civic life and services in cities. They laid down the principles for spatial organization and for the design of human settlements, from the point of view of protecting public health (preventing the spread of disease and fire).

The Bye-Laws Can Ensure That:

  The buildings should not be constructed merely with profit motive without paying any attention to the health and comfort of the in-habitants.

  The buildings must get sufficient sunshine, air and ventilation.

  Open spaces should be well planned.

  The buildings should create better environment.

 The buildings should be located in healthy surroundings and should have an aesthetic appearance. 





Zoning, Land use and Sub division Rules

Occupancy /use, Plotting, Road space, Open space and amenities

Site And Building Planning

Set Backs, Parking Area, Development Density (FSI/FAR), Building Plan, Minimum Plot area and Building Height

Structural Design and Provision

Loading Capacity, Design of Exits, Design of Common Facilities e.g Water Supply Tanks and other Engineering Specification

Building Safety Service and Amenities

Fire Safety Provision of Building, Fire Control System, Plumbing Services, HVAC, Garage, Courtyard etc.

Other Planning Control in Specific Areas e.g. Heritage Structure areas

Allowable activity /uses, Permissible Development/ Redevelopment, Building Maintenance Provision


Organisation Prepairing Building Bye Laws: 

The buildings Bye Laws a Drawn up by A Panel of Experts In various branches of the Building Industry Such As:

      Town Planning


      Civil Engineering

      Electrical Engineering


      Fire-fighting and administration etc.

This building bye-laws when formulated are enforced on all buildings whether constructed by government, local bodies, private persons or agencies.