A person was considered as cultivator if he or she was engaged either as employer, worker or family in cultivation of land owned or held from government or held from private persons or institutions for payment in money, kind or share of crops. Cultivation included supervision or direction of cultivation. Cultivation involves ploughing, sowing and harvesting and production of cereals and millets crops.

II-Agricultural Laborers
A person who worked in another person's land for wages in cash, kind or share or crop was regarded as an agricultural labourer, working in another person's land for wages. An agricultural labourer has no right of lease or contract on land on which he worked.

Image of the City

People's impressions of a building, a particular environment or a whole city, are (of course), more than visual. Within the city lie many connotations, memories, experience, hopes, crowds, places, buildings, the drama of life and death, affecting each person according to one's own predictions. From his environment, each person constructs his own mental picture of the parts of the city in physical relationship to one another. The most essential parts of an individual's image overlap and compliment those of his fellows. Hence, we can assume a collective picture of what people extract from the physical reality of a city. The extracted picture is the image of the city.


It is the quality in a physical object, which gives it a high probability of evoking a strong image in any given observer's mind. It is that shape, color, or arrangement which facilitates the making of vividly identified, powerfully structured, highly useful mental images of the environment.


The amount (measured in money) of gains from capital or labour. The amount of such gain received by a family per year may be used as an indicator of income groups.

Income groups

A group of people or families within the same range of incomes.

Indigenous technology

A specific skill in or from a particular environment, for the ultimate benefit of society living in that environment.

Indoor air Pollution

It refers to the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of air in the indoor environment within a home, building, or an institution or commercial facility.

Indoor air quality (IAQ)

IAQ  is a term which refers to the air quality within and around buildings and structures, especially as it relates to the health and comfort of building occupants.

Informal Unit

A small retail or service unit without a permanent roof, of mobile nature, rendering service without
making demands on infrastructure.


It is the basic facilities, which any developed area requires to sustain the activity being carried out in it. Infrastructure may be physical or social. 1) Physical Infrastructure - (a) Water Supply (b) Sewage Disposal (c) Drainage (d) Solid Waste Disposal (e) Power Supply.
2) Social Infrastructure - (a) Health (b) Education (c) Communications (d) Security (e) Fire Safety
(f) Other facilities such as milk booths, petrol and gas stations, barat ghars, dharamshalas etc.

Intergenerational Equity

 A core proposition is that future generations have a right to an inheritance (capital bequest) sufficient to allow them to generate a level of well being no less than that of the current generation. Fairness in the treatment of different members of the same generation.

Inter-green time Clearance interval

The time period between the end of a green indication of another phase on the traffic signal.


 Inversion - An atmospheric condition where a layer of cooler air is trapped near the ground by a layer of warmer air above. When the air cannot rise, pollution at the surface also is trapped and can accumulate, leading to higher concentrations of ozone and particle pollution.